DLC Vision: Future Scenarios

"2021: A Depository Odyssey"

Dream up the future. What does government information look like?

Is HAL in charge of your depository library? Why, why not? Are you Dave, out in the cold? What does your service look like? Your collections? What do you do in a typical day?

For the final session of the Spring 2006 meeting of the Depository Library Council in Seattle we’d like to hear from you. What’s your “future scenario” for the Federal Depository Library Program, for government information?

Some elements to include:

  • collections - physical and electronic
  • services
  • collaboration
  • relationship with federal government - governance
  • structure of "system" (FDLP)
  • metadata - cataloging - invisible (virtual) finding aids - whatever you want to call it

Any others you can think of, or want to include.
Duncan Aldrich and Bill Sudduth have dreamed up their versions of the FDLP in 2015 or 2021. Does it look like your vision?

Please email your Future Scenarios to bselby@virginia.edu.
You can also read and comment on any Future Scenarios that have been posted.

We'll collect the future scenario's posted and discuss them at the final session of DLC, Wednesday, 10:30am, in Seattle.

So, take charge, BE HAL! Let us know what you'd like the future to be. Let us know what you think the future will be.

Tuesday, February 28, 2006

Future Scenario (Duncan Aldrich)

One thought/question (mine) is whether we are thinking far enough out of the box. Are we too stuck in revisiting traditional solutions? It may be that the changes we face in the increasingly dynamic information environment are so dramatic that completely new solutions are needed to extend the FDLP as a viable program in the future.

With this in mind, trying to think of a program that would be viable given information and user trends, I made up the following future scenario of the FDLP. Perhaps this is 8 to 10 years in the future. Three things I think we need in particular to think outside the box are metadata, intermediation, and the impact of the FDSys. The top part below on collections is more whimsical than well thought. The remainder I think may well be accurate – if indeed there still is an FDLP based on depository libraries. If you find some of my content annoying or downright dumb, remember, this is put forward to poke holes in. My basic thought is if we can glean a sense of what the future will be we can better prepare to get there.

While there are many libraries that continue to have collections of FDLP materials on their shelves and continue to receive them as depository libraries, there are far fewer than there were in 2005. Perhaps we now have 300 libraries in the program dealing with more than nominal digital or tangible collections. Ten collections are full (or almost) - these ten are called Full Regionals and are actually distributed collections shared by 4 or 5 libraries covering five or six states each. These are circulating collections having some but not a lot of preservation activity. Two full collections are housed monolithically in single institutions - light archives. These two are partially supported by federal dollars in order that they can afford to meet the light archive criteria. Their collections are more archival than circulating – they operate more like special collections departments than like circulating collections. A GPO / NARA partnership maintains a full collection as a dark tangible archive.

Most access to federal information is done over the Network - which of course is currently true today as well. The virtual collections are housed in the FDSys and its mirror, and in two libraries that have made a deliberate effort to mirror the e-collections in FDSys. When library users request materials in libraries that don’t own an item, the usual procedure is to grab an e-copy from one of these sites and either give the patron the file or print it out (at either their or the library’s expense). Sixty libraries participate in a LOCKSS partnership which further provides for redundancy, though these are mostly not complete collections. LOCKSS is fed by the FDSys. 100 to 200 libraries actively retrieve and load individual files from the FDSys for public access - but these are mostly transitory postings along the lines of items currently selected and disposed of after 5 years - no guarantees of ongoing maintenance. These items mostly support special local collections and projects (Hurricane relief, Martin Luther King’s birthday, burial of nuclear waste, etc.). These libraries have the option of having these materials pushed to them from FDSys via a profile, or of selecting and downloading individual documents.

Items included in the FDSys are harvested from federal sites with some level of intervention by GPO staff to help direct the crawler and categorize them (by agency, subject, whatever). Librarians specializing in subjects help identify fugitive documents.

A question on which I have no prediction - how many libraries will remain in the program to serve as service centers with little or nothing in the way of collection? Will there be a class of libraries known as service centers and what is it they will be?

There is simply too much information out there to provide full MARC cataloging. Additionally, the public is not interested in MARC cataloging, a system designed mostly to inventory library holdings. The public generally prefers using full text indexing along the lines of Google so there is a decreasing use of OPACs, AND full text search technologies have evolved to include limited (often machine generated) searchable fields so are much better at precision searching. GPO has adopted a high end full text software application that provides this fielded indexing - human intervention is minimal, primarily for quality control. Fields are either inserted by agencies in the original XML document (XML is standard for text items by this time) or are generated by the indexing software. Because everything is xml libraries collecting these objects can create their own access tools. Some fuller cataloging (MARC perhaps) is done for materials deemed important enough for tangible distribution, particularly legislative materials.

This is the hardest part to figure - how do we insinuate ourselves into the digital arena to assist users in locating materials relevant to their information needs. I am particularly concerned about this because I think the Web is the primary place we will find our users (decreasingly at our ref desks) so how do we intermediaryize things there? The national online service along the Illinois model will develop. I particularly liked a scenario Walt Warnig described to me in a sidebar conversation describing an FDLP network of experts/specialists:

"Technologically, one single librarian with special expertise could be accessed by everyone in the country or beyond, but physically, no single librarian could handle such a load. We must have gatekeepers. A gatekeeper might be this: an expert FDLP librarian could be accessed by other FDLP librarians (and local patrons), but not by just anyone anywhere or by non-FDLP librarians."

Will libraries be able to cooperate to develop very useful Network based tools for assisting users? We already have a variety of handouts up there, but can we get some more elaborate user aids that fully incorporate technologies available on the Web?

Future Scenario (Bill Sudduth)

Future Scenario (lets go way out of the box)

Accessing government information in 2025 or the results of the America's Town Meeting Act of 2022.

Government Information will be at America's finger tips in the year 2025. American's will expect full disclosure and complete and accurate information immediately. Some of this will be provided by public pod-casted media outlets and electronic news distribution services. Links to relevant information sources will accompany the information stream accessible to all Americans.

There will be public information access service centers that will help individuals locate needed information. Much of this will be on demand and will take place as part of the public's electronic town-hall participation in governmental decisions.

The America's Town Meeting Act allows for no more than 10% of the Congress (House or Senate) to be thrown out on an annual basis. Federal spending on all programs comprising more than 5% of the budget are voted in referenda that include time limits for that program to prove success or not.

Each congressional district will have one service center staffed by one or several information experts; while one library in each state will act as an information aggregator/ short-term information archive. These state-level archives will be connected and maintain redundant back-up systems.

Congress will not sit as one body but as multiple bodies linked through web-casts or video hook-ups. Since government is largely information driven * large numbers of federal government employees will be dispersed throughout the country. Secure information will flow over secure networks but will be subject to time limits * (ie after some days or hours) depending on the level of security the information will become public.

Citizens will need the following tools to access and use government information:

Network connection with secure transmission capabilities. Information filtering devices that will sort information by level of interest or economic activity. Secure transmission and ID protocols that allow for participation in town-hall like decisions. Software that verifies and certifies information transmitted from information providers for authenticity and accuracy. Collections will become artifacts for information archeologists whose main function will be to sift for actual facts and correct errors in the human record. Metadata systems were replaced several years 2010 when Microsoft invented full-text voice-driven searching. By 2015 all accents and languages were successful 99.99% of the time in accessing information no matter what the language.